Welcome to the page of SGAC Belarus! Belarus has a long-standing history of participation in space-related programs and activities as a former member of the USSR. A new era in Belarusian space industry recently began with the Belarusian Council of Ministers’ approval of the space research and exploration program for 2008 – 2012. The program aimed to advance the Belarusian economy and to ensure state agencies and citizens have access to space data. In 2016 the new State program on High Technology and Engineering for 2016 – 2020 was adopted, within the framework of which one subprogram is focused on space: Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Space.
Young Space Activities Overview in Belarus
In 2017 the intergovernmental agreement with Republic of Kazakhstan on cooperation in the field of exploration and uses of space was signed.
In cooperation with Minsk Planetarium SGAC in Belarus conducted events dedicated to Asteroid Day, which was firstly celebrated as Official United Nations Day in 2017.
The Belarusian Spacecraft (BSC) has been launched on July 20, 2012, from Baikonur. The data obtained by BSC is used by different agencies. For example, hardware and software technology for state forest resource accounting and assessment of plantations damaged by exposure to adverse climatic factors have been developed for forestry enterprises. Institute for Land Reclamation conducts monitoring of agricultural lands. In interests of the Ministry of Emergencies, a pilot program-information complex “Monitoring-NS” provides detection of abnormal situations at petrochemical and natural gas industries. Belarus and Russia plan to create a joint venture to sell data from satellite orbital constellation consisting of BSC and Russian “Canopus-V”.
The main scope of works in the field of space research is performed by more than 20 scientific and industrial organizations in Belarus (coordination function and state regulation of work is performed by the National Academy of Sciences). Belarus produces element base, devices and complete systems that are used for the manufacture of space technics, range is constantly increasing. There is a positive flying practice of use of spacecraft equipment and production technologies from Belarus. Main strategic partner of Belarus is Roscosmos. Belarus is actively cooperating in space activities with neighbouring countries, e.g., signed an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes with Russia and Ukraine. The preparation of intergovernmental agreement with the National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan is in progress.
In June 2013, Belarusian delegation has spoken at 56th session of Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), in Vienna (Austria). Belarus has made application for membership in the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, and confirmed that it fully supports the UN principles and treaties on the use of outer space for peaceful purposes (Belarus has signed and ratified the Outer Space Treaty, the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects, Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 11 December 2013 #68/75 declared Belarus the member of the Committee.
In May of 2013, Belarusian State University together with Russian Moscow, Samara, and Omsk Universities started a “System Soyuz-Sat”, joint project to build and launch a new SmallSat and three nanosatellites for Ionosphere studies and to study possible improvements in space telecommunications, Earth observation, Space debris monitoring and high bit rate transmission.
In December 11, 2014, space borne Videospectral System (VS) built by Belarusian State University was delivered on board of the International Space Station. At the moment VS works on the program of “Hurricane” space experiment which aims at research of process and consequences of natural and technogenic events and catastrophes. VS is designed for Earth remote sensing with high spatial resolution colour photos, and also receipt of spectral reflectance of emission reflected by Earth surface.
In May 21, 2015 National Agency on Space Exploration at the National Academy of Sciences has been created by merger of Centre of Geoinformation Systems and Joint Institute of Informatics Matters. It is planned that this new organization will manage all matters regarding exploration and usage of space by Belarus.
In January 15, 2016, the first Belarusian telecommunication satellite, built by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) with the communications payload supplied by Thales Alenia Space was launched by a Chinese CZ-3B/G2 booster. This satellite is expected to be the first step in the building of Belarusian system of satellite telecommunications.
In April 12, 2016 (Cosmonautics day) team of Belarusian State University created first Belarusian students satellite BeKaSS (Bielaruskі kasmіčny spadarožnіk studentaŭ – Belarusian Students Space Satellite). Launch is currently scheduled for 2017.
SGAC has only recently reached Belarus, and at the moment there is not much activity in the field of space education for the young. In the course of establishing the space research program, the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus has become a coordinator and it remains to be seen if and how national activities will create awareness for space-related subjects. There are plans to develop information space technologies and assimilate them in various areas of social and economic activities. The program is designed with the country’s economic potential in mind and taking into account budget and extra budget funds. SGAC hopes to be a part of the new era of Belarusian space by giving an opportunity to young people to grow, develop their network, and build their knowledge and leadership skills.
Country-Specific Events in 2018
April, 12 —the International Day of Human Space Flight
June, 30 — Asteroid Day, Event dedicated to awareness raising of asteroid problem.
Interesting Web Links for the Young Generation in Belarus